Intelligent system to optimize the use of water in agriculture (SMART-HYDRO)
SMART-HYDRO aims to incorporate technological advances in sensors, multispectral images and telecommunications to control the quantity and quality of groundwater in agricultural landscape, in order to reduce energy costs, water losses and environmental impact. We also aim to assess the aquifers quality by using crustaceans as ecological indicators for groundwater ecosystem health (Funding: Plan Nacional de I+D+i, RTC-2014-2367-5; 2014-2018). Team: Dr. Francisco Carreño Conde (University Rey Juan Carlos, Spain), Dr. Sanda Iepure; Research Assistant David Mostaza; Research Assistant Anna Sundberg (IMDEA Water). Contact: Francisco Carreño.
More information: http://smarthydro.inkoa.com
Towards multifunctional agricultural landscapes in Europe: Assessing and governing synergies between biodiversity and ecosystem services (TALE)
TALE is an interdisciplinary research project funded within the framework of BiodivERsA/FACCE-JPI (duration April 2015 - March 2018). The project supports choices at the spatial scale to be considered, strategies to decide on optimal land uses and a changing environment (e.g. climate change), the appropriate mix of policy instruments to be implemented and the required monitoring and evaluation schemes. The design is accompanied by stakeholder processes at local, regional and national level to achieve a high level of policy coherence. iMDEA Water Institute contributes to the creation of a hydrological model that can reflect as accurately as possible the performance of the water resources of the Cega, Eresma and Adaja watersheds as part of the Douro River basin. Assessing both qualities an quantity of watershed resources, it will be possible to predict different effects of water management strategies, land use and impacts that could affect water resources by the climate change effects. Contact: David Rivas.
Más información: http://www.ufz.de/tale/
Analysis and management of extreme hydrological events and associated risks: floods and droughts
Research in this line is focused on the study of extreme hydrological events (floods and droughts) from the double point of view of risk analysis (hazard, exposure and vulnerability) and the proposal of measures to be used in decision making (i.e., predictive, preventive and corrective measures). Regarding the analysis of flood hazard, it emphasizes the use of data sources paleohydrological (i.e., historical-documentaries and dendrogeomorfology) and instrumental (i.e., meteorological, hydrological and radar), and the use of distributed hydrological modeling methodologies and two-dimensional hydraulic modeling considering the role the solid charge, especially woody floating. Drought assessment is based on the use of hydrological models (e.g., Soil Water Assessment Tool, SWAT) aiming to obtain a long term record of the simulated soil moisture (SSM), combining with the use of standard drought indexes (e.g., Standard Precipitation Index, SPI). Concerning management tools, we investigate the implementation of civil protection plans, cost-benefit analysis of structural and nonstructural measures combined, and the role of resilience. These researches are being carried out since 2004 to the present through the funding of various projects, mainly: 3N (UCLM), GeoRiada (IGME), Dendro Avenidas (Plan Nacional de I+D+i, CGL2007-62063), MAS Dendro-Avenidas (Plan Nacional de I+D+i CGL2010-19274), IDEA-GesPPNN (OAPN 193/2010), y MIDHATO Venero (IGME 2313/2013).